There has long been a debate as to whether people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have brain structure differences than those who do not. After all, ADHD is a mental disorder that involves attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. This chronic medical condition most often affects children but may affect adults as well. Depending on the type of ADHD, a person may experience some of the following: not being able to listen well when spoken to directly, inability to follow through with instructions or finish tasks, interrupting others, inability to engage in leisure activities quietly, becoming easily distracted by external stimuli, and more.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has recently funded a study to see if there are any signs of possible atypical brain development in those with ADHD. Conducted by Kennedy Krieger Institute this year, researchers scanned the brains of 90 four-and-five-year-old children, with over half of whom had ADHD but had never been on medication. Results found that children with ADHD had reduced volume in the cerebral cortex (the outer layer of the brain), in “areas of three of the four lobes of the brain”, as described in Forbes Magazine. The researchers noted main differences between the cognitive and behavioral control regions of the brain – both of which those with ADHD have particularly low levels of. Although many other studies have been conducted on this topic, this one in particular further confirms that ADHD can be recognizable in children at an early age, often confirming parents’ notice of symptoms.
If you have ADHD, treatment is available to help you better manage your symptoms. For example, stimulant medication is a widespread practice to help people get better control over their attention and organization; it’s also a great option to go along with behavioral therapy, which often involves set expectations and praise and rewards for “positive” behavior and discouragement from “unwanted” behavior. Both of these methods, in combination, serve most effectively because medication can help the individual obtain clarity while behavior therapy can help them develop the tools they need to live a more managed life.
With the right tools and support, recovery is possible. Speak with someone from a reputable treatment center to learn more about your options.
Therapy is a primary component of treatment for rehabilitation from a substance use disorder and/or mental health disorder. Attending treatment with certified clinicians and counselors is critical for a full recovery. At one of New Vista Behavioral Health’s treatment providers, you are receiving exceptional care, held to a higher standard. Our programs result in better outcomes, ensuring a better recovery. For information call us today: 888-316-3665.