According to the American Psychiatric Association, attention-deficit hyper disorder (ADHD) is a condition that involves inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Inattention often includes not being able to focus on something, and individuals with symptoms of hyperactivity experience excessive movement that is not particularly appropriate for the context. Lastly, impulsivity can occur when someone makes hasty decisions without too much thought. While these symptoms are mostly recognizable as symptoms of ADHD, there are several key bits of information that are a little less well-known:

There are 3 diverse types of ADHD:

  1. Hyperactive-impulsive presentation: Individuals have trouble slowing down, talking excessively and fidgeting, difficulty staying on task, interrupt, and take risks without much consideration.
  2. Inattentive presentation: Individuals get distracted easily, have poor concentration and organization skills.
  3. Combined presentation: Individuals in this category exhibit symptoms from both above categories, and doesn’t experience either category more than the other.

There is no single cause for ADHD. Research studies have implied that both genetics and environmental factors can influence the development of ADHD. In addition, ADHD can be difficult to diagnose. When a person goes to the doctor for diagnosis, they are often asked to discuss their symptoms, onset, history, changes in behavior or performance in various aspects of life such as school and work. A doctor must rule out every other possibility to assign an accurate diagnosis.

ADHD is a classified disorder, not a decision. People who experience ADHD may have difficulty concentrating not because they don’t want to, but because their mental condition doesn’t always allow them to. ADHD is associated with short-term memory problems, as their mind can quickly focus on several different things it can make it difficult for them to remember what they were doing in that exact moment.

By learning some of these often-unknown facts about ADHD, perhaps you can help educate loved ones who have the disorder or who may not know much about it. The more we can learn about various mental disorders, the more we can provide support to those around us.





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