Methamphetamine is a powerful, highly addictive drug that directly affects the central nervous system. Also known as meth, chalk, ice, and crystal, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) notes that methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II stimulant, meaning that it is legally available only through a nonrefillable prescription. When used medically, this drug is typically prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and as a short-term component to weight-loss, but is prescribed in a much smaller dose than could be abused.

Methamphetamine gives users an extreme high due to the increased levels of the feel-good neurotransmitter dopamine, in the brain. Short term effects often include increased attention, increased activity and wakefulness, decreased appetite, increased respiration, and more. Methamphetamine can be very dangerous, however, with side effects including cardiovascular problems such as rapid heart rate, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, and more. Users are at risk for hypothermia and convulsions if overdose occurs.  

According to the United States Sentencing Commission, in fiscal year 2016, there were 6,460 methamphetamine drug trafficking offenses, which has increased by 12% since fiscal year 2012. The amount of methamphetamine trafficking charges account for 31.5% of all drug trafficking offenses. Drug trafficking is still a hot topic issue, as the National Center for Biotechnology Information claims that methamphetamine trafficking is linked to sex trade and other high-risk behaviors. A 2015 chart designed by the New York Times states that the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) estimates that Mexican cartels produce 90% of the meth consumed in the United States. Trafficking has skyrocketed, as meth seizures in Mexico increased from 341 kg in 2008 to 44 tons in 2012. How is trafficking becoming so easily for people to accomplish?

Overall, it can be concluded that advances in technology, transport, and travel have added to the speed and efficiency of drug trafficking. These same advances provide easy communication between several networks.

Methamphetamine is very addictive, and very dangerous. If you are addicted to methamphetamine or any other substance, get the help you need by calling today at 888-316-3665. New Vista Behavioral Health is home to several mental health and addiction recovery treatment centers. Our licensed, experienced healthcare professionals will work with you to determine the most appropriate treatment plan. Call us today for a consultation.


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