According to the American Psychological Association, psychotherapy serves as merely a roadmap to help psychologists and therapists understand their client better. There are 5 main approaches that can be used, all of which have been noted in the Encyclopedia of Psychology:
- Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies. Drawing on theories of analytic psychology and psychoanalysis, the British Psychoanalytic Council notes that these approaches help patients “understand and resolve their problems by increasing awareness of their inner world and its influence over relationships both past and present.” This approach is most often used in deep-rooted and serious psychological disorders.
- Behavior therapy. The behavior therapy approach stems from the belief that psychological disorders are a result of maladaptive learning, as we are born tubula rasa (a blank slate). Classical conditioning is the underlying theory of this approach, and it focuses on trying to uncover the unresolved conflicts from childhood and then to work with the client on focusing on current behavior problems and removing the ones that are troublesome.
- Cognitive therapy. The American Institute for Cognitive Therapy explains that therapists who use this approach provide clients with self-help skills often used in take-home assignments where the client can become action-oriented, practical, rational, and gain independence in their form of treatment.
- Humanistic therapy. Psychology Today states that the humanistic therapy approach focuses on “a person’s individual nature, rather than categorizing groups of people with similar characteristics as having the same problems.” It is a positive approach to psychotherapy and is used by placing emphases on a person’s positive traits and behaviors, allowing the person to use their instincts to find wisdom, growth, healing, and fulfillment within themselves.
- Integrative or holistic therapy. Psychosynthesis is the basis of this treatment approach, with therapists aiming to integrate the mind, body, and spirit of their client. Therapists help individuals gain awareness in the connections between their thoughts, emotions, physical experiences, and spiritual understandings. Holistic therapy aims to view one’s symptoms as a path towards a person’s higher consciousness and awareness. Through understanding and awareness, a person can more readily accept who they are in the “here” and “now”.
New Vista Behavioral Health aims to work with you to determine the best course of treatment to suit your needs. We have several world-renowned, California state-licensed treatment centers that work with individuals on mental health and addiction recovery. To discuss what we have to offer and how we can maximize your potential for success in recovery, call us today at 888-316-3665.