Schizophrenia is highly known for hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, and disorganized behavior, but there are many other symptoms that someone may experience, making it difficult to complete day to day tasks. What most people don’t realize is that schizophrenia falls on a spectrum – this means there are various sub-types of schizophrenia that someone could have. The following are the diverse types of schizophrenia:
- Schizotypal personality disorder – according to Mayo Clinic, individuals with this disorder often do not have many, if any, close relationships. They may misinterpret events and have peculiar or odd thinking, beliefs, mannerisms, way of dressing, way of speech, and more. They have persistent social anxiety and may have paranoid thoughts as well. Individuals may also have a limited amount of emotional responses. This is considered the lowest end of the spectrum.
- Delusional disorder – categorized by at least one month of delusions, hallucinations are not prominent, and the person’s functioning is not impaired. Their dress, speech, and behavior are not odd.
- Brief psychotic disorder – characterized by one or more of the primary symptoms of psychosis, which includes delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, and disorganized behavior. This form of psychosis must be for at least 1 day but less than 1 month, and a person eventually returns to normal functioning.
- Schizophreniform disorder – characterized by 2 or more of the symptoms of psychosis and must last at least one month but less than 6 months total.
- Schizophrenia – with this disorder, people experience 2 or more psychotic symptoms that have lasted for more than a month and are impacting their daily functioning at work, home, relationships, and in self-care. Continuous signs of these symptoms must persist for at least 6 months.
- Schizoaffective disorder – this disorder is characterized by both symptoms of schizophrenia and by a mood disorder. Two subtypes of this disorder are depressive and bipolar; schizoaffective is the highest and most intense level of psychosis.
The American Psychological Association states that with treatment, symptoms of schizophrenia can be managed; about a quarter of young people see improvement within 6 months to 2 years, and another 35 to 40 percent of people see more improvement after even longer periods of treatment. Antipsychotic medications and psychosocial support are crucial to promote recovery for someone with schizophrenia.
New Vista Behavioral Health is home to several world-renowned, California state-licensed mental health and substance abuse recovery centers. If you believe you may have a form of schizophrenia and your symptoms are affecting your daily life, call us today at 888-316-3665 for a consultation. There is hope and support for you. Treatment is available, and it does get better.