Many people who take drugs experience unwanted side effects, such as hallucinations, confusion, memory loss, anxiety, irritability, aggression, and more. These side effects often only are experienced temporarily, and may dissipate within a few hours as the drug wears off. Although side effects can cause momentary conditions, often people wonder if using a drug can bring about a long-term disorder. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has noted 9 main disorders that can occur directly from substance abuse:
- Substance-induced Delirium. Prolonged substance abuse can lead to disturbance of consciousness, cognitive and perceptual disturbances, sudden change in personality, and more.
- Substance-induced persisting dementia. Alcohol has been shown to perpetuate persisting dementia among people who abuse it.
- Substance-induced persisting amnestic disorder. Alcoholism, long term drug use, or exposure to toxins such as carbon monoxide can cause a person to loss memories previously established, inability to create new memories, or lose the ability to learn additional information.
- Substance-induced psychotic disorder. SAMHSA notes that virtually any substance abused can lead to a psychotic state. With abuse of drugs like methamphetamine, psychosis can last days, weeks, months, and even years.
- Substance-induced mood disorder. Individuals who experience may have symptoms of depression such as low energy, low sexual desire, sadness, uninterest, and feelings of hopelessness, or may have symptoms of mania, such as being very restless, active, irritability, and more.
- Substance-induced anxiety disorder. Alcohol, caffeine, cocaine, methamphetamines, opioids, and sedatives all have the propensity to onset this disorder.
- Substance-induced persisting perceptual disorder. Alcohol and sedatives are most likely to cause this, and consists of seeing trails of color or light, flickering light, very bright colors, and a kind of static or snow in their vision.
- Substance-induced sexual dysfunction. People with this disorder often experience impaired arousal, sexual pain, reduced sexual desire, and impaired orgasm.
- Substance-induced sleep disorder. Opioid abuse can cause sleep disturbances that can persist for weeks, even after the use has ceased.
There is no doubt that while some drugs perpetuate a pre-existing mental condition, the side effects of others can induce one altogether. For example, an individual who experiences severe anxiety after prolonged drug use may eventually pick up the anxiety as a normal physiological and thought process, leading them to an anxiety disorder.
If you are seeking treatment for both an addiction and a mental disorder, call us today at 888-316-3665. New Vista Behavioral Health provides several world-renowned treatment facilities that specialize in mental health and addiction recovery treatment. Make the decision to take back control over your life today. Call us for a consultation.